What is Sex Trafficking?
Where do all the missing children go? Often times, if they are not murdered within several hours of abduction, they are brought into the sex industry.
Sexual trafficking occurs when somebody is forced or coerced into
a sexual act. This includes a wide variety of services including prostitution, pornography, strip clubs, and sex shops.
Upon 'grooming', in order to condition victims (especially young children) to having sex with strangers, victims are often beat, burned, gang raped, confined, starved, and given basic sex lessons. Additionally, victims often experience emotional abuse (such as name calling, brainwashing, and threats), removal from familiar places/people, renaming, and dependencies (created by being told how to walk and talk, what to wear, when to eat and sleep etc.)
Pimps (traffickers) use various combinations of physical and psychological techniques in order to keep their slaves in check. Once such technique is serving as a 'father' figure. Pimps build victims up to break them down.
Initially, when traffickers approach potential victims, they act warm and affectionate... (read more)
What is Forced Labor?
Modern day forced labor is not the same as slavery was in the 1800s. In fact, modern slavery has grown far beyond forced work on plantations and construction sites.
Debt bondage is the most prevalent form of modern-day forced labor; however, domestic servitude, peddling, begging, and manual labor are also considered to be part of forced labor and the labor trafficking problem.
Debt bondage is defined as a form of trafficking in which prospective workers incur a debt to their traffickers as part of their initial employment. They are then forced to work for their traffickers to pay down their debt. The catch... traffickers make it impossible to succeed in paying of debt by continuously charging their victims additional fees while they are working (for instance, transportation, food, and sleeping accommodations). Debt can be passed on from generation to generation. Often times, victims feel they have no other place to go, and are subjected to various forms of violence.
Begging and peddling is especially common among children. One 'father' or 'master' may entice children to stability, food, and... (read more)
What is Organ Trafficking?
A man in Brazil is desperate for money. But he has something that is in high demand. There is currently a worldwide shortage of organs. Some people approach him and offer him money for one of his kidneys. Poor and desperate, he accepts and is flown out to an illegal medical center where an operation is held to remove a kidney. The man is then paid compensation of about $1000 for his kidney. Or perhaps he is never paid at all. The men/criminal organization who coordinated the operation can then sell the organ in a country where organs are in high demand for an astronomical profit that can be used to further fund the criminal organization. This is organ trafficking.
Or traffickers force or deceive their victims into giving up organs. Or when a vulnerable person is treated for an ailment and has an organ removed without their knowledge. These are both cases of organ trafficking.
Who is at risk?
Children and teenagers have the largest risk of becoming a victim of sex trafficking, however, adults can be trafficked as well. If you are female, you have elevated risk. Age is the primary risk factor as adolescents are considerably more likely to fall for deception and manipulation tactics than are adults and youth is considered to be premium in the sex industry.
Victims come from all different ethnic backgrounds, income levels, and locations. No one demographic is exempt; however, runaways and the homeless are at an elevated risk of being trafficked.
According to a 2009 report by Shared Hope International, approximately 70-90 percent of victims have had previous physical or sexual abuse by their immediate or extended family.
Who is Affected?
The ramifications of human trafficking are not black and white. Many, many more than just those who are trafficked are affected. For instance, family members and friends are affected. Families of sex buyers can be affected. Economies are affected in several different adverse ways, which leads to a further ripple effect.
1) Money spent in the sex industry often trickles into other illegal industries. For instance, pimps' profits may be used for drugs or black market arms.
2) Large amounts of money are put toward combating sex trafficking and toward detention centers to house victims.
3) With every additional trafficked human, there is one less productive member of society.
Who is at risk?
In developed nations, often foreign nationals, people in financial straits, and youth and young adults are at greatest risk. In developing nations there are largely the same demographics at risk, however, forced labor trafficking may be more prevalent.
Who is behind this?
Unfortunately, many of us unknowingly support forced labor practices in our every day lives. The raw materials used in the everyday consumer products we purchase are frequently be harvested by slaves. Paying close attention to where our products come from can help reduce the demand for slave labor for raw materials. Due to increasing globalization, identifying and halting suppliers that utilize forced labor is quite a challenge.
Forced labor takes place in many different industries, including:
Forced labor is more common in developing nations because there are more vulnerable populations (those with little money)
Who is at risk?
If you live in the United States of America or the EU, your risks are lower than if you live in countries such as China, Turkey, Brazil, Egypt, and India. But it is still possible that you could become a victim.
Generally, victims include migrants, homeless, illiterates and people who have very little money. Organ trafficking can occur at any age.
The Global Scale
Organ Trafficking, although it does not have the same global footprint as forced labor and sex trafficking, is still prevalent around the globe. In fact, although it can be hard to comprehend, the extent of the organ trafficking problem is not just limited to the buyer and the seller. Although illegal medical centers are sometimes used, often times, legitimate, registered clinics and hospitals are used for the operations. Medical professionals, middlemen, and organ banks where organs are stored are all also involved.
Generally, countries can be split up into two to three different categories. Donor Countries (where many of the organs are harvested from), Recipient Countries (which are often the ones who can afford to pay a lot for the organs and have long waiting lines), and countries that are not predominantly donor or recipient, or that do not have enough recorded cases to tell.
A map of countries and their categories can be seen below.
(for larger image please look at slideshow at bottom of page)
* please note, the video 'Domestic Sex Trafficking' has been flagged by InvisibleSlaves staff and may contain minor inaccuracies. It does, however, provide some very insight on many aspects of trafficking.
Up until 2007, 90% of China's organ supply came from prison inmates on death's row. Executions were sometimes made specifically for the harvesting of organs. Gradually, in the spotlight by the world's developed nations, China has begun phasing out this practice.
However, the system is far from perfect. In fact, only less than one percent of those who need organ transplants end up receiving them (compared to 20 percent in the United States). Most recipients are dependent on guanxi, which are relationships based on backdoor deals and bribery. This creates the problem of 'Organ Tourism', a catastrophe in which people seeking organs from foreign countries come to China for a transplant because they are the ones who offer the best price for organs.
Street Terms in the Sex Industry
Daddy - refers to pimp
(often times, pimps use psychological manipulation to coerce loyalty)
Bottom - often refers to the trafficking victim who has been with a pimp the longest and who is in charge of controlling the other victims
Dates, Johns, Tricks - sex acts
Wife in Law - fellow trafficked girls
See More (this is a PDF)
Do not attempt to confront a trafficker directly or alert victims of their situation. leave this to law enforcement.
Trafficked individuals may express one or more than one of the following indicators:
Organ Trafficking Stories
Real people are affected by organ trafficking. Many stories have been posted on the internet.
Check out this post from Baidu Knows (a Chinese website similar to Yahoo Answers)
A: Kidney, where to sell one? Thank you.
B: What’s your asking price?
A: A hundred and fifty thousand yuan? Where should I go?
B: I’ll be taking a ten-thousand-dollar commission. If you can guarantee me a
long-term supply, I may be able to lower my fee.
A: What’s a long-term supply?
B: Don’t you think we have some rules in this industry? If you are the
A: I don’t have any supply. I am selling my own kidney and am badly in need
of cash. I am nineteen years old.